7 Day Kilimanjaro Hike + 2 Nights Hotel

Machame Route, Tanzania
  • Code: KHWR-ZATO-9N

    Summary

    On this hike, you will cover a distance of approximately 90 kilometres.

    Sometimes called the Whiskey Route - This is a popular route up steep paths through magnificent forests to a ridge that leads through the moorland zones to the Shira Plateau. It then traverses beneath the glaciated precipices of the Southern Ice fields to join the Barafu Route to the summit.

    An extra day can be added to the itinerary, best spent on the Shira Plateau, where you can walk to the Shira Needles.

    Accommodation on the mountains is in tents, which the porters will pitch for you.

    You will need a sleeping bag, warm clothes and walking poles.

    This route is steep and tough. We only recommend that fit individuals who are experienced mountain walkers choose this route!

    Day 1: Arrive at Kilimanjaro International Airport

    Arrive at Kilimanjaro International Airport for your transfer to the Springlands Hotel for overnight and breakfast.

    7 Day Kilimanjaro Hike + 2 Nights Hotel

    Day 2: Machame Gate (1490m) - Machame Camp (2980m)

    Hiking time: 7 hours

    Habitat: Montane Forest

    Your day will start with an early morning briefing, followed by breakfast and a 45 minute drive from Moshi (910m) to the Machame Village (1490m). Your guides and porters will prepare and pack supplies and your equipment in the village. Depending on the condition of the roads, it is possible to drive from the village to the Machame Gate, but if not, the muddy 3km walk will take around 1 hour. After registering at the gate office, you will start your ascent and enter the rainforest. There is a strong possibility for rain in the forest, so be prepared for wet and muddy trails. In the evening you will be served dinner, before you retire to your tent for the night in preparation for your adventure the next morning.

    Night temperatures can drop to below freezing - so make sure you have warm clothes to sleep in!

    7 Day Kilimanjaro Hike + 2 Nights Hotel

    Day 3: Machame Camp (2980m) - Shira Camp (3840m)

    Hiking time: 6hours / 9km's

    Habitat: Moorland

    After an early breakfast, you will commence your hike to the top of the forest which will take about an hour followed by another hike of approximately 2 hours at a greater gradient through the moorland. After a much needed lunch break and rest, you will continue up a rocky ridge onto the Shira Plateau. From here you will be able to see the Western Breach in the east with its stunning glaciers. You are now west of Kibo, and after a short hike, you will reach the Shira Campsite at 3840m where dinner will be prepared and served by your porters.

    Because of your higher altitude, the nights are even colder, so be prepared!

    7 Day Kilimanjaro Hike + 2 Nights Hotel

    Day 4: Shira Camp (3840m) Full day acclimatization

    Today you will be able to admire and soak up the breath-taking scenery whilst acclimatizing to the altitude and prepare yourself for your ascent to the summit.

    7 Day Kilimanjaro Hike + 2 Nights Hotel

    Day 5: Shira (3840m) - Lava Tower (4630m)

    Hiking Time: 7 hours / 15km's

    Habitat: Semi Desert

    The route now turns east into a semi-desert and rocky landscape surrounding Lava Tower, where you reach an altitude of 4630m after about a 5 hour walk. Lunch is served in a designated area before ascending the rocky scree path to Lava Tower . This is definitely the toughest day, and it is normally around this point where some hikers will start to feel symptoms of breathlessness, irritability and headaches, so it is important that you keep well hydrated and inform your guide if you are feeling any of these symptoms.

    After lunch you desend again to the Barranco camping area and after reaching the high altitude of 4600m at Lava Tower, the true acclimatization benefit of this day becomes clear. The descent to Barranco Camp takes about 2 hours and offers great opportunities to take some fantastic photographs of the Western Breach and Breach Wall. The Camp is situated in a valley below the breach and Great Barranco Wall, which should provide you with a memorable sunset while you wait for your dinner.

    7 Day Kilimanjaro Hike + 2 Nights Hotel

    Day 6: Barranco to Karanga Valley - Barafu Camp (4550m)

    Hiking Time: 7 hours / 13km's

    Habitat: Alpine desert

    Totally exposed to the ever-present gales, the tents are pitched on a narrow, stony and dangerous ridge.

    From here the summit is another 1345m up and you will make your final ascent in the night, this gives you plenty of time to prepare your equipment and thermal clothing for your attempt at reaching the summit.

    7 Day Kilimanjaro Hike + 2 Nights Hotel

    Day 7: Barafu Camp (4550M) - Uhuru Peak (5895m) - Mweka (3100m)

    Hiking Time: 8 hours to reach Uhuru Peak, 7/8 hours to descend to Mweka

    Distance: 7km's ascent - 23kms descent

    Habitat: Stone scree and ice-capped summit

    At around 23h30, you will be offered tea and bisuits and commence your final ascent to the summit. You will head in a northwesterly direction and ascend through heavy scree towards Stella Point on the crater rim. This 6 hour walk to Stella Point is probably the most challenging on the route. At Stella Point (5685m) you will stop for a short rest and will be rewarded with the most magnificent sunrise all the way on your 2 hour ascent to Uhuru Peak where you will be able to celebrate your fantastic acheivement by taking photographs and soaking in what you will remember for a lifetime!

    The time you will spend on the summit really depends on the weather conditions .

    The walk back to Barafu from the summit takes around 3 hours. Here you will have a well earned rest and collect your belongings before heading down to Mweka Camp at 3100m for dinner and overnight.

    Day 8: Final descent from Mweka Camp to Mweka Gate

    Mweka Camp (3100m) - Mweka Gate (1980m)

    Hiking Time: 3 hours

    Distance: Approximately 15km's

    Habitat: Forest

    After breakfast you will make your way from Mweka Gate down to Mweka village which will take about an hour. From Mweka village you will be transferred to Springlands Hotel where you will spend the night and be served a delicious hot lunch, you will also be able to relax by the pool and wind down.

    In the evening you will be presented with your certificates. Those climbers who reached Stella Point at 5685m are issued with green certificates and those who reached Uhuru Peak at 5895m will receive gold certificates.

    Day 9: Departure Day

    Depending on the time of your flights home or onto your next destination, you will be transferred to Kilimanjaro airport.

    After your adventures on Mt. Kilimanjaro, why not proceed onto Zanzibar where you will be able to relax in paradise on pristine white beaches? Ask us for hotel recommendations, we will be able to put together the perfect trip for you.

    Prices

    Please contact us for more information quoting

    code: KHWR-ZATO-9N

    Prices exclude international flights - our advisors will be pleased to arrange flights for you:



    1st July 2013 to 30st December 2013:


    1 - 5 people - price per single climber - £1150

    6+ people - price per single climber - £1125


    Extra acclimatization day is £180

    Single supplement for an individual climber is £120

    Transfer from KIA airport to Springlands Hotel per person from £40


    The price includes:

    Two nights accomodation in Moshi bed and breakfast

    Transportation from Moshi to the starting point on the mountain and return to Moshi

    National park gate fees, hut/camping fees

    Rescue fees, tents and sleeping matress

    Guides salaries, porters salaries & all meals on the mountain

    Guides, porters, cook accomodation and entry fees on the mountain

    After finishing kilimanjaro climbing, 1 dinner & 1 drink (beer or soda)

    Qualified guides for all the routes:

    Climbing packages taylor made to suit you

    Mountain equipments available for hire at rental shop at springlands hotel.

    Hike includes:

    2 nights B&B at Springlands Hotel

    Transfers from Moshi to the starting point on the mountain and return to Moshi

    National Park Gate fees and Camping fees

    Rescue fees, tents and sleeping matress

    Guides salaries, porters salaries & all meals on the mountain

    1 dinner & drink at Springlands Hotel on the last night

    Qualified guide

    Additional Information

    This is Kilimanjaro's longer, more scenic route. The typical duration for this trip is 6 days. However, you can also add an extra acclimatization day and make it a 7-day trek.

    The Machame is a beautiful route up Kilimanjaro that allows you to experience the southwest and south sides of the mountain, since you go up one way and down another. All your equipment and supplies are carried by porters and a cook prepares all your meals. Unlike the Marangu Route where you sleep in huts, on the Machame you sleep in tents (tents are included), and the porters will pitch your tent for you. Meals are served in a dinner tent or on a blanket outside. This makes the Machame, which is referred to as the "Whiskey Route," better suited to more adventurous hikers, and it also rewards you with better views than the Marangu Route. From late afternoon sunsets at Shira, to the misty revelations of Kibo's great Barranco Wall, the Machame Route offers the spunky hiker a continuous scenic slide show. The Machame Route is normally completed in 6 days, and this greatly helps your acclimatization. The Machame Route takes you high to Lava Tower (4,630 m/15,190 ft) on day 3 then brings you down for an overnight at Barranco Camp (3,950 m/12,960 ft). This intermediate ascent and descent is the secret to a successful acclimatization, and is the reason that this route has a high success rate.

    Length

    100 km/62 mi total; 62 km/38 mi to summit; 38 km/24 mi descent from summit

    Elevation

    4,405 m/14,450 ft net gain; 3,915 m/12,845 ft descent Machame Gate (1,490 m/4,890 ft) to Uhuru Peak (5,895 m/19,340 ft) and descent to Mweka Gate (1,980 m/6,500 ft)

    Tips for Climbers

    1. PHYSICAL FITNESS

    Although Kilimanjaro is not a technical mountain climb, it is a major challenge, and you should not underestimate the rigors of altitude. Remember that Uhuru peak is 500 m (1,640 ft) higher than Everest Base Camp! The pace of your ascent coupled with good acclimatization will help you on the climb, but it is essential to be mentally and physically prepared before you start. Regular hikes are one of the best ways to prepare, increasing frequency and length, as you get closer to the trek. All aerobic exercises such as cycling, running, swimming, and aerobics classes are good for strengthening the cardiovascular system. Any exercise that increases your heart rate for 20 minutes is helpful, but don't overdo it just before the climb.

    2. ALTITUDE AND ACCLIMATIZATION

    Altitudes are generally defined as follows:

    - High altitude 2,400 m - 4,200 m (8,000 ft - 13,800 ft)

    - Very high altitude 4,200 m - 5,400 m (13,800 ft - 17,700 ft)

    - Extreme altitude above 5,400 m (17,700 ft) (Uhuru Peak is 5,895 m/19,340 ft)

    It is likely that all climbers will experience some form of mild altitude sickness during their Kilimanjaro climb. It is caused by the failure of the body to adapt quickly enough to the reduced level of oxygen in the air at an increased altitude. There are many different symptoms, but the most common are headache, light-headedness, nausea, loss of appetite, tingling in the toes and fingers, and a mild swelling of ankles and fingers. These mild forms are not serious and will normally disappear within 48 hours.

    3. PERSONAL FIRST AID KIT

    The following first aid materials are important:

    - Painkillers (asprin/paracetamol)

    - Antihistamines

    - Blister treatment

    - Imodium or other antidiarrhoeal tablets

    - Plaster/Band aids

    - Antiseptic wipes

    - Dressings, especially pressure relief for blisters

    - Talcum powder

    - Malaria tablets

    - Sun block for skin and lips

    - Antacids

    - Cold cure sachets

    - Oral rehydration salts/sachets

    - Insect repellent

    - Sanitary towels

    4. OTHER HEALTH TIPS

    All contact lens wearers should take care to remove the lenses at night, as the eye needs to absorb oxygen from the atmosphere. The rarefied conditions of altitude reduce oxygen levels and in extreme cases a Corneal Oedema can develop.

    5. EMERGENCY EVACUATION

    In the event of an emergency on the mountain the rescue team plus one of the assistant guides will descend with the casualty to the park gate. At the gate the casualty will be taken care and the necessary arrangements will be made.

    6. PHOTOGRAPHY

    Cameras, whether video or film need to be protected against the severe cold weather either in warm pouch or the interior pockets of your clothing. Do not keep in your backpack at higher elevations. A selection of lenses will aid the final results although weight and bulk will obviously influence your selection. A polarized or neutral density filter is recommended, as is slide film rather than print. Bring your own film as it can be hard to find and expensive in Tanzania.

    For digital equipment, check with the manufacturer's specifications for temperature range (especially battery life), water tightness, and general hardiness.

    On the trek - FAQs

    How much equipment will I carry?

    You are expected to carry your own day pack, which should be able to sustain you until you reach camp at the end of the day. You do not need to carry your personal backpack/duffel pack - it will be carried by a porter.

    The weight per porter is limited to 15 kg (35lb). If you bring overweight luggage, every 15 kg will be charged extra at 100 US$ for an extra porter for the whole climb. Your backpack/duffel bag will be brought from campsite to campsite - before you arrive it will already be there.

    What you need during the day in your day pack will depend on your priorities, but will generally include drinking water, basic medical kit, camera, waterproof layers, a pair of gloves and hat, a warm layer, and snacks.

    What is the accommodation like at the trek?

    On the Marangu Route there are simple, basic huts. The first two huts sleep four people each, and the last hut is dorm-style with bunk beds.

    On all other routes, you will sleep in 3-person dome-style mountain tents, two people each. The tents are modern and have an outer flysheet and large vestibules keep equipment from the elements. They are set up, broken down and carried - along with everything else - by our porters. There are public toilet are set up at every campsite.But portable private toilets are available upon request at the cost of $ 100 per group for the whole tour and hot water is provided for each person every morning if possible (no showers).

    There will be dining tents with chairs and tables where all meals will be served. Before the meals, we will provide soap and hot water for washing your hands.

    What if I am slower than the other trekkers?

    There is no need to worry - this is a common concern. It is much better for your body if you proceed slowly and the guides will permanently remind you about this ("pole pole" - which means "slowly, slowly"). By walking slowly, your body will much better acclimatise to the high altitude.

    There is plenty of time allotted each day for the treks, even for those who like to go very slowly.

    What if I cannot make it to the top?

    Some climbers may fall short of reaching the summit, but not at the expense of their overall experience. Even for those who never reached the top, the experience of the wonders of Kilimanjaro is rewarding.

    If one or more members of a group decide they cannot continue, or if a guide deems it unsafe for an individual (or a group) to continue, they are escorted to the most convenient campsite or hut.

    Our guides intimately know the network of shortcuts to escort climbers to safety, and they are trained to act quickly and calmly under any circumstance.

    What's the food like?

    Please see a sample Menu for Kilimanjaro Climbers

    Day 1:

    Lunch Packet:

    - BUN WITH SALAMI AND CUCUMBER

    - GREEN PEPPER, CARROTS, AND FRUITS

    Dinner:

    - SOUP OF THE DAY WITH BREAD

    - FRIED BEEF WITH ROAST POTATOES, RICE, CARROTS, CABBAGE

    - FRUITS

    - TEA OR COFFEE

    Day 2:

    Breakfast:

    - OATS WITH MILK

    - BOILED EGG. SPANISH OMELETTE OR FRIED EGG WITH BACON

    - BREAD WITH TEA OR COFFEE

    Dinner:

    - SPAGHETTI WITH MEAT SAUCE, OR FISH WITH RICE

    - TEA OR COFFEE

    - FRUITS

    Day 3:

    Breakfast:

    - BOILED EGG, SPANISH OMELETTE, OR FRIED EGG WITH BACON

    - BREAD WITH TEA OR COFFEE

    - FRUITS

    Lunch:

    - BOILED EGG SALAMI SANDWHICH, CHEESE, FRUITS

    Dinner:

    - BEEF GOULASH WITH BEANS

    - BREAD WITH TEA OR COFFEE

    On the way to the summit:

    - TEA OR COFFEE AND BISCUITS, ORANGE SQUASH OR SOUP

    Day 4:

    Lunch:

    - FRENCH TOAST

    - MACARONI WITH MEAT SAUCE

    - BREAD WITH TEA OR COFFEE

    Dinner:

    - ROAST CHICKEN WITH VEGETABLE FRIED RICE, GREEN PEPPER, CARROTS

    - PANCAKE WITH HONEY

    - TEA OR COFFEE

    Day 5:

    Breakfast:

    - OATS WITH MILK

    - BOILED EGG, SPANISH OMELETTE, FRIED EGG WITH BACON

    - BREAD WITH TEA OR COFFEE

    When to go?

    Kilimanjaro can be climbed throughout the year.

    January to March are very good months with mild temperatures and almost no clouds in the morning and late afternoon. During the day however there might be few short rain showers or little snow on the summit. The main rainy season starts end of March and lasts until end of May. For Kilimanjaro climbers, this means that clouds may block visibility and there might be heavy rains on the lower altitudes and snow on the summit. June, July and August can be cold, but visibility is usually very good.

    Temperatures rise in September and October, however during this time of the year, there is often a belt of mist on the middle altitudes, leaving the summits peak through the clouds. November and December usually have perfect visibility in the nights and morning, but short rains during the day and thunderstorms at the late afternoon are common.

    For Kilimanjaro climbers, a factor to take into account is the full moon - it is a unique experience to climb the roof of Africa lit under the shining moon light only without having to using head lights.

    Full Moon Dates

    Summitting on or soon after a full moon helps illuminate the landscape without using headlamps. It is very beautiful, but certainly not necessary for summitting the mountain. To summit on a full moon, you will want to start a 6-day trek 4 days before the full moon (3 days before if doing a 5-day trek).



    Health information

    The ascent of Kilimanjaro is a strenuous adventure and should not be undertaken if you have any health conditions which may put you at risk. You are strongly advised to consult your physician for a thorough medical check-up and clearance before attempting the mountain.

    If you are over 50 years old, talk to your doctor about doing a stress EKG. Should you require any medication whatsoever, you must provide your own and be able to administer it yourself. Medical supplies in Tanzania are not reliable or guaranteed.

    Talk to your doctor about the following:

    Vaccinations

    - Hepatitis A

    - Hepatitis B

    - Typhoid

    - Yellow Fever

    - Tetanus

    - Polio

    - MMR (Measles, Mumps, Rubella)

    Malaria pills

    Altitude sickness (diamox pills)

    Prescriptions you are currently taking

    EKG testing

    In addition, many people will experience the effects of high altitude. Prepare yourself by reading more about altitude sickness.

    It is strongly recommended to have a travel insurance and to additionally consider a membership with the AMREF Flying Doctors.

    High Altitude Sickness

    Different people under similar conditions will respond quite differently to altitude. There are no specific factors such as age, sex, or physical condition that correlate with susceptibility to altitude sickness. Your response to altitude will depend on your rate of ascent, the magnitude of the ascent, and your individual susceptibility (genetics). The effects can be mild or severe, and are caused by a lack of oxygen to the muscles and brain. As altitude increases the concentration of oxygen stays the same, but the number of oxygen molecules per breath is reduced as the barometric pressure drops.

    At 5,500 m (18,000 ft), there is half as much oxygen available as at sea level. Kilimanjaro is 19,340 feet. In some cases altitude sickness can turn extremely severe, even fatal. For reasons not entirely understood high altitude and lower air pressures can cause fluid to leak from the capillaries and build-up in the brain and lungs. Continuing an ascent without proper acclimation can lead to a life threatening illness.

    Acute Mountain Sickness (AMS)

    Mild symptoms of acute mountain sickness will occur in 75% of people who travel over 10,000 feet, and can affect some people at lower altitudes.

    These symptoms include:

    - Fatigue

    - Dizziness

    - Headaches

    - Nausea

    - Disturbed sleep

    - Indigestion

    - Loss of Appetite

    - Vomiting

    These symptoms typically begin immediately after arrival and tend to worsen at night. Mild AMS does not interfere with normal activity and symptoms generally subside within 2-4 days as the body acclimatizes. As long as symptoms are mild and only a nuisance, ascent can continue at a moderate rate.

    Prevention of AMS

    Altitude sickness is preventable! Pay close attention to your body and the health of individuals in your group. Immediately communicate any symptoms of illness to others on your trip, since oxygen deprivation of the brain may cause individuals to deny or not recognize their own symptoms.

    - STAY HYDRATED - urine output should be copious and clear. Try to drink at least 4-6 liters per day.

    - AVOID tobacco, alcohol, and other depressant drugs including barbiturates, tranquilizers, and sleeping pills. They further decrease the respiratory drive during sleep resulting in a worsening of symptoms. In addition, avoid diuretics such as coffee and tea.

    - "DON'T GO UP UNTIL SYMPTOMS GO DOWN" - people acclimatize at different rates, so make sure that your entire party is properly acclimatized before going higher. Rest at the same altitude is efficient for mild symptoms, but if they do not go away within a day or two it is essential that you descend immediately.

    - DIAMOX (acetazolamide) is a drug shown to be effective in minimizing the symptoms caused by poor oxygenation by helping you breathe deeper and faster. This drug is not used in treatment, it should be used as a preventative measure only. The recommended dose is 125 mg twice a day, and it is advisable to start taking it 24 hours before you go to altitude and continue for at least five days at higher altitude. Side effects include tingling of the lips and finger tips, blurring of vision, and alteration of taste. If you are allergic to sulfa drugs you should not take Diamox. Use of this drug is controversial, so it is advisable to research its effects prior to seeking a prescription. Here are a couple of sites for your convenience:http://www.healthsquare.com/newrx/dia1131.htm,http://www.basecampmd.com/expguide/diamox.shtml

    - EAT high-carbohydrate foods while avoiding fatty foods.

    - BEFORE your trip, maintain a good work/rest cycle, avoid excessive work hours, and last minute packing.

    - LISTEN to your body. Do not over-do things the first day or two. Avoid heavy exercise.

    High Altitude Pulmonary Edema (HAPE)

    results from fluid build-up in the lungs, which prevents effective oxygen exchange from the lungs to the bloodstream. This is a very serious condition that can lead to death if not treated immediately. Symptoms of HAPE include:

    - Irritating cough (can produce frothy, often blood-tinged sputum)

    - Mental confusion, staggering drunken walk

    - Quick shallow breathing, difficulty breathing

    - Exhaustion

    - Chest pain

    - Gurgling noise in chest

    - Debilitating headache and severe fatigue

    - Disruption of vision, bladder, and bowel functions

    - Loss of coordination of trunk muscles (test by walking straight line)

    Although rare, HAPE frequently strikes young fit climbers and trekkers. If you notice any of these signs in yourself or others in your group you must descend immediately, even at night. HAPE can be fatal within a few hours if left untreated. However, if diagnosed early, recovery is rapid with a descent of only 500-1,000 meters. Besides descent, treatment also includes rest, administration of oxygen, and portable hyperbaric chambers.

    High Altitude Cerebral Edema (HACE)

    HACE occurs when fluid leakage in the brain causes swelling which affects the central nervous system. This is considered the most serious altitude related illness. If left untreated it will lead to coma and death. HACE is thought to occur in 1% of persons above 4,000 m and 3% of those with AMS, and usually occurs after a week or two at high altitudes. Symptoms of HACE can be similar to AMS and HACE and include:

    - Drowsiness

    - Headache

    - Changes in Behaviour

    - Staggered gait (unable to walk heel-to-toe in a straight line)

    - Severe weakness/fatigue

    - Impaired mental processing, confusion

    - Difficulty Speaking

    - Blindness

    - Vomiting

    - Paralysis of a Limb

    - Decreasing levels of consciousness(loss of memory, hallucinations, psychotic behavior, and coma)

    - Seizures

    Immediate descent is the best treatment for HACE. This is of the utmost urgency, and cannot wait until morning. The moment HACE is recognized is the moment to start organizing an effort to get this person down the mountain, usually to the point where they last slept with no symptoms. It is important to recognize that persons with this illness are often confused, and may not recognize that they are ill.

    Note: The information provided here is designed for educational use only and is not a substitute for specific training or experience. Undiscovered Holidays Ltd assumes no liability for any individual's use of or reliance upon any material contained or referenced herein.

    Travel insurance

    Make sure that you have a travel health care insurance.

    It should at least cover:

    - Costs for doctors, hospital and medicines

    - Emergency medical transportation (minimum of $25,000)

    If you wish, you can also purchase a more comprehensive travel insurance. You have made a significant investment in your travel plans and while in most cases everything will run smoothly, situations may arise on or before your trip that are outside of our control as your travel agent and for which we cannot be held responsible. A travel insurance may help to make your trip more worry-free by protecting your investment and yourself.

    Travel insurances can cover expenses resulting from situations such as:

    - Trip Cancellation and Interruption due to sickness/death of you, a family member, or a travel companion

    - Emergency Medical Transportation

    - Trip and Baggage Delay

    - Lost or Stolen Baggage

    - Doctor and Hospital Payments

    - Travel Accidents

    - Weather delays

    Climber's Packing List

    Baggage

    - Day pack, for you to carry

    - Large duffel bag or backpack, for porters to carry - The weight per porter is limited to 15 kg (35lb). If you bring overweight luggage, every 15 kg will be charged extra at 100 US$ for an extra porter for the whole climb. Your backpack/duffel bag will be brought from campsite to campsite - before you arrive it will already be there.

    - Plastic bags

    Clothing

    You will need clothes for hiking during the day, lounging in the evening, and for sleeping. Layers are important as temperatures vary greatly. Kilimanjaro may be near the equator, but it gets cold up there! You want your inner layer to be wicking - no cotton. Your next layer should be insulating and warm, and your top layer should be water proof but breathable.

    - Shorts, for first and last day only

    - Pants, for hiking and for lounging in the evenings

    - Short-sleeved or t-shirts

    - Long-sleeved shirts, for hiking and for lounging in the evenings

    - Long underwear

    - Fleece jacket or wool sweater

    - Fleece pants

    - Down jacket or ski parka (for temperatures well below freezing plus wind)

    - Rain jacket, needed in hot rainforest and cold snow

    - Rain pants, needed in hot rainforest and cold snow

    - Underwear

    - Sport bras, for women

    Cold Weather Accessories

    - Mittens and/or gloves (waterproof, one thin pair, one thick pair that can be layered)

    - Wool or pile hat

    - Balaclava or neck gaitor

    - Hand and foot warmers (chemical activated)

    Footwear

    - Be sure to break in your shoes before the hike!

    - Trekking shoes for hiking during the day, preferrably warm, waterproof, and with ankle-support - not too light and not too heavy

    - Tennis shoes or sandals for lounging in the evening

    - Gaiters

    - Hiking socks for warmer conditions

    - Wool socks for colder conditions

    - Sock liners to wick away moisture

    Sleeping

    - Sleeping bag (Rated -25 degrees C/-10 degrees F or colder is recommended)

    - Sleeping pad and repair kit

    - Tents are supplied, when required, at no charge

    - Foam sleeping pads are provided at no charge (Thermarest is highly recommended, however)

    Other

    - Water bottles and Camelback (2-3)

    - Get 3 litres of bottled water before the trip (available at the Springlands Hotel).

    - Your guides will boil water for you along the route, or use steripens for water sanitization. To prevent water from freezing on summit day, keep your water source inside your jacket. For Camelbacks, blow air back into the bladder after each sip and drink often.

    - Gatorade or other drink mix helps with taste and minerals.

    - Water filter or iodine purification tablets

    - Sun hat with brim

    - Sunglasses

    - Bandana

    - Money ($400 or more in cash and/or travellers cheques, including some small U.S., Euro, or Tanzanian bills

    - Ski or trekking poles

    - Headlamp or flashlight

    - Camera, film, tripod

    - Video camera, tapes

    - Batteries - Bring extra sets for headlamp/flashlight and camera as cold weather shortens their life

    - Binoculars

    - Notebook, journal, pencil, and pen

    - Pocket knife

    - Electricity adapter

    - Energy bars, hard candy, snacks, and comfort foods

    - Playing cards, games, books, frisbee, football, kite

    - Chocolate or pens for village children, momentos for guides, porters, and other climbers

    - Umbrella, particularly useful in the rainy season, can be purchased in the market for around $2

    - Plastic bags and zip-lock bags for waterproofing

    - Sewing kit

    - Salt, pepper, and spices for bland food

    - Business cards

    - Alarm clock

    - Calculator (for currency conversion)

    - Swim suit for hotel swimming pool

    Toiletries

    - Toilet paper (and baggie to carry used paper while on trail)

    - Small towel

    - Soap

    - Toothbrush and toothpaste

    - Handi-wipes (moist towelettes for cleaning)

    - Hand sanitizer

    - Lotion

    - Glasses, contacts, solution (take contacts out each night to prevent blurred vision

    - Comb, mirror

    Documents

    - Passport

    - Yellow fever certificate

    - Tanzania Visa

    - Medical insurance

    - Address book

    - Vaccination records

    - Airline tickets

    - Cash, travellers cheques, credit cards

    - Maps, guidebooks

    - Make copies of passport, TZ visa, airline tickets/schedule, and travellers cheques numbers. Leave a copy with someone at home and put a copy in a separate place in your luggage.

    First Aid

    - Ibuprofen, Aceteminophen, or Paracetamol

    - Throat losenges

    - Bandaids

    - Moleskin

    - Sunscreen (SPF 15+)

    - Lip balm with sunscreen

    - Insect repellent

    - Disinfectant, Antiseptic cream

    - Bandages and tape

    - Diarrhea medicine

    - Antihistemines

    - Ace bandage

    - Melatonin (1-3mg) or other sleep aid

    - Malaria pills (talk to your doctor)

    - Antibiotics (talk to your doctor)

    - Prescription drugs (talk to your doctor)

    - Diamox (talk to your doctor)

    Visa

    You can apply for the tourist visa at the Tanzanian embassies and consulates in your country of residency. Some embassies offer the application form online, but the application process still takes time.

    You need a passport valid for at least 6 months from the date when entering the country. If you are planning to enter the country on more than one occasion on this trip, then you may be able to get a multiple entry visa.

    US passport holders pay 100 USD for standard single, double and multiple entry visa. Canadian passport holders pay 75 USD. EU citizens and most other nationals pay 50 USD or 50 EUR.

    You can obtain the following visas in Tanzania: Burundi, Congo (Zaire), Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

    Websites of Tanzanian embassies:

    - USA: http://www.tanzaniaembassy-us.org

    - Canada: http://www.tzrepottawa.ca

    - UK: http://www.tanzania-online.gov.uk

    - Germany: http://www.tanzania-gov.de

    View a list of Tanzanian embassies in other countries:

    - www.advance-africa.com/Tanzania-Embassy-Addresses.html


    Tanzania Overview

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